عنوان مقاله [English]
The discussion about rational perceptions and their emergence is important because it is one of the most important characteristics of man and it is so important that human perfection is in the development of his intellect. Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra consider the power of reason and rational perceptions as immaterial, but they believe that the body is effective in the emergence of these perceptions in different ways. Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra have different views on rational perceptions and the influence of the body on the emergence of these perceptions. Ibn Sina believes that rational concepts are obtained by generalizing partial forms and connecting with the active intellect; but Mulla Sadra has offered two explanations for the acquisition of rational concepts: one is the observation of abstractions from afar and the other is the connection and union with the active intellect. In the view of both philosophers, body and physical powers have a tool effect on the emergence of rational perceptions but their explanation differs from the quantity and quality of the body's influence in the emergence of general perception. In this study, we make a comparative comparison between the views of these two philosophers about the role of the body in the emergence of intellectual perceptions.