عنوان مقاله [English]
Intellection is one of the most important characteristics of human beings. Therefore, discussing rational perceptions and the quality of their emergence is of great significance. Ibn Sina attributes the emergence of rational concepts to the generalization of partial perceptions and connection with the active intellect. In comparison, Mulla Sadra considers intellection as the result of observing the lords of types and being united with rational truths. According to both philosophers, the power of reason and rational perceptions are immaterial and independent of physical faculties. Hence, intellection does not inherently require the body. But due to the fact that the soul belongs to the body, it needs the body and its tools for reasoning. The body and physical faculties act as the underlying causes for the emergence of rational perceptions. On the one hand, according to Ibn Sina’s duality of soul and body, the body is a separate being from the soul that provides the conditions for the perfection and actuality of the soul. On the other hand, according to Mulla Sadra, soul and body are united and thus are different, intense degrees of a single whole. Therefore, a degree would provide conditions for the perfection of another. In this article, we explore the role of the body in the emergence of rational perceptions and compare the views of Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra on the issue.