عنوان مقاله [English]
The true purpose of human life is the worship and praying of God. So in order to understand the reality of prayer clearly, it is imperative to study it through philosophical views. Thus, the present inquiry aims to address the raised questions what is the reality of prayer? What kind of connection is there between truth and the esoteric dimension of prayers? And are the levels of prayer the same for everyone? We seek to study the issue based on Avicennian and Sadraeian philosophy. Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra have similar views on the reality of prayer. Mulla Sadra, however, discussed the issue thoroughly in terms of his philosophical system. Both philosophers count esoteric and exoteric dimensions for practicing prayers. The exoteric aspects lead to the purification of the human soul and this paves the way to reach the truth i.e. to know Allah. Based on the views of the philosophers, knowledge and prayer have a mutual connection. Contemplating on him/her self and other creatures, human become aware of his/her need for God, as such worships Him willingly. Hence, the primitive knowledge of worship leads to the exoteric practice of prayers and this leads to self-purification. Finally, the purified soul would find the possibility to know Allah and the profound reality of his/her prayer.