عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Following understanding the necessity of interdisciplinary study about mind and soul, a knowledge named cognitive sciences was created in the 20th century. In an analogous approach, Avicenna has worked on understanding the soul from different aspects and utilized different medical, neurological, mystic and mental sciences in this issue. This paper is to understand Avicenna’s method and methodology in soul’s problems so that it can be compared with the cognitive sciences method.Despite general similarities of Avicenna’s approach in soul’s problem with cognitive science, there are some major distinctions that have caused different content and results about soul in each of the studies. Avicenna’s method which is alike the cognitive sciences method in general lines and been existed further before these sciences is an interdisciplinary method. This method hasn’t been continued among Muslim thinkers in the field of psychology.