عنوان مقاله [English]
The current essay is a comparative study of the views of Avicenna and Mulla Sadra concerning the interaction of the Creative Faculty with other human perceptual faculties in three fields: i) interaction of creative faculty with external faculties, ii) interaction of creative faculty with internal faculties, iii) interaction of creative faculty with rational faculty. Both philosophers believe in the direct intervention of the creative faculty in the dreaming process and consider the role of this faculty for special humans to be like a type of revelation and inspiration. Moreover, they are unanimous that the interactions of creative faculty with external, internal and rational faculties facilitate some actions like an abstraction of generic natures, finding the lost forms of memory and imagination, influence on practical reason and also create the ground required for the veridical dream. They also believe that in order to improve the function of creative faculty and as a result, its better interaction; we can be benefitted from such solutions as strengthening the rational faculty, truthfulness and moral health. Despite some similarities, there are also some differences between the views of Avicenna and Mulla Sadra including the fact that Mulla Sadra contrary to Avicenna, considers creative faculty to be immaterial (ideal) and thus he replaces the theory of “presence” with the theory of “impression”.